Canoeing is an interesting sport, little known and practiced exploring Nature and the environment. The origin of the use of canoes is related to indigenous peoples. To move into turbulent rivers, men used a particular type of boat to overcome the currents and the natural obstacles. The word we know today (canoe) derives from the word Kenu, which means dugout, a type of canoe made of tree trunk. There are records of such practices in various ancient civilizations. From Ancient Egypt to the Aztecs of pre-Columbian America. The canoe model used currently, however, began to be manufactured by Canadian Indians.
This mode only turned into sport around 1840, when the Scotsman John McGregor created a competition canoe called “Rob Roy”. From there on, he began to attract the interest of other countries, which also began to practice it. In 1924, they founded the International Canoe Federation, which had as members Austria, Denmark, Sweden and Germany. In the same year, the sport joined the program of the Olympic Games in Paris, France, even in the display condition, no competition for medals.
Currently, canoeing is divided into several tests. The first concerns are the way they are played: Slalom and Speed.
In Slalom, the boats must meet a predefined route by the management of evidence in a running water channel, overcoming natural or artificial obstacles. The correct path is marked by several pairs of metal bars suspended in water (ports) in which athletes must pass.
Boats leave separately, with two and a half minutes interval. Wins whoever completes the course – it should be 20 to 25 ports – in the shortest time. When a boat doesn’t go through a door, it gets 50 seconds addition to its final time. Only the vessels of the type K-1, C-1 and C-2 dispute this evidence.
At Speed, the evidence is disputed in quiet and calm waters, and the aim is to get the boats across the finish line ahead of other competitors. All trims drop out simultaneously and in separate lanes. In addition, the competitions are divided according to the type of ships and the number of crew.
For descents of rivers with rough waters, the canoes should have a low volume hull rounded profile and line arched keel, which provides extreme maneuverability.
This hull shape combined with a moderate keel line provides canoes stability, speed and agility typical of vessels intended to travel long distances in the seas and large rivers. Canoes are easy to maneuver even though they have great length.
With a format close to the inverted pyramid, this hull configuration together with a straight keel line is intended for boats to speed competitions. Rower requires extreme skill because the instability of it is very large, and any carelessness leads to a overturned.
For races in rough water this setting is the most appropriate, given the ease of return to normal position with ease even when the boat fully tilted to the side.
SPEED CANOE – the most popular one, used in a 2km long channel. In the Olympics are held competitions in routes 500 meters and 1000 meters. Competitions are held with one, two or four paddlers by canoe.
CANOE SLALOM – practiced in routes 250 and 300 meters. The paddlers must pass 18 to 25 ports, with the fewest possible errors and in a shorter time. Signed in as an Olympic sport in 1992.
CANOEING OCEAN – practiced with special vessels for sea, the objective of this modality is to fulfill certain routes in the ocean. It shows a high degree of difficulty.
CANOE MARATHON – In this mode the tracks are high (15 km up). It is a competition that involves great physical effort and resistance from kayakers.
FREESTYLE – recent mode of canoeing. The paddler must specific maneuvering and wave motion in a stream over a given period of time. Each maneuver earns points for the paddler.
KAYAKING –Kayaking is a similar sport to canoeing. The main differences are the kayak’s closed deck, the double bladed paddle used as propeller, and the position of the paddler, typically sitted with legs extended forward. In some situations, the term canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking.
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